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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 21, 2013 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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palestinian territories. he got several standing ovations, many rounds of sustained applause, but this is a speech that went to an appreciative audience. he told them first of all for his unending support for israelis, the state of israel, and their quest for freedom but he told the young israelis, try to put yourself in the shoes of palestinians, try to see their world in their eyes. in the same way he told is really is you were able to establish a state in your homeland, the palestinians should also feel free in their land. was not just this possible, it is just common necessary, and involved compromises, most of all when it came to the issue of settlement building and trying to give a critic and trying to give palestinians their own state. havee hall and outside, we
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this report. >> after a visit that had thus far been high on imagery, the president's speech had been eagerly awaited. his audience, mostly made up of it is really college students, had that president obama lockley and their achievements, condemning their enemies, and affirming the unbreakable bond between the countries, including to prevent iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. that together we share a commitment for security for our citizens and the stability of the middle east and north africa. together, we share a focus on advancing economic growth around the globe and strengthening the middle class within our own countries. together, we share a stake in the success of democracy. >> but the meat of the speech, the real message came towards the end. the u.s. president made it abundantly clear he was not
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going to walk away from a two- state solution, israel and palestine existing side by side. >> is really must recognize that continued settlement activity is counter active. a counter -- is counterproductive and independent palestine is of importance with real borders. >> well-received by the enthusiastic young audience, it will not go well with the center-right government. againstler, so opening the creation of a palestinian state. this was an overwhelmingly pro- is really speech, barack obama logging its achievements, condemning the enemies, but the message came in the middle. there has to be peace in the region and that cannot happen without the independent viable palestinian state. no israeli border big enough, no missile system, and occupation is not the answer.
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ironically, barack obama seemed less engaged and less preoccupied with the moribund speech process when he met palestinian leaders earlier today in ramallah. they, too, have a responsibility, the president told them, and have to be prepared to make sacrifices. this visit has largely been about barack obama reconnecting with israel and working with leaders. but he has also shown he is prepared to invest more time and effort into achieving be unachievable. achieving be unachievable. >> there was one phrase that barack obama used again and again, telling israeli leaders the same phrase, telling palestinian leaders earlier today, two states for two people, side by side. earlier today, palestinian leaders welcomed pope language of the rights of palestinians, access to the holy sites, but
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they did not hear barack obama criticizing the jewish settlement construction on the occupied west bank and the same strong terms that he used at the start of his first term in office. the message was not we have to vote for new ways of thinking, get out of old habits and old formulas. in other words, put your differences aside, sit down at the table and talk. we will find out if they listen to that message. >> what is your understanding from the israeli government about how they have received his visit? >> two israeli government official said a short time ago that obama has taken over israel. they have been charmed by the american president. they have listened to his words, listen to what they thought was a very strong show of support for israel, their needs, american support of israel. they have not liked some of the talk of how he would go about
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the negotiations, but it would be interesting to conduct opinion polls now which before his visit showed the skepticism about barack obama. i think there is less skepticism now, there is still skepticism about whether it is truly possible to make peace. >> ok, thank you. for more on president obama's trip, i am joined now by the former jordanian former minister, and i want to pick up where we left off. president obama went to israel with an 11% approval rating. during the charm offensive the past couple days, he has probably improved his standing amongst the israeli people. does that matter in terms of the peace process? pretty well ifid his objective was to have a charm offensive. i think he did pretty well in speaking to the israelis about their needs of security, particularly not just related to
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the peace process but iran as well. but i think there is a key phrase the president used, you must create the change that you want to see. i think that is a phrase that can be applied not just to the palestinians and the israelis but the u.s. itself. if the u.s. is not creating the change it wants to see, i am afraid the two parties on the messages,erful as the simply does not have the time or the will to do that in the short time that we have before the to- state solution dies. >> critics of president obama said he has given fantastic speeches, and we heard a couple of them in the region the past couple days. the question you seem to be suggesting, will those speeches be followed up with the president using some of his own capital to invest in the peace process? what is your understanding of people in washington? >> that is precisely the point, i think the speeches of president obama are eloquent and powerful as they are, they have
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bent a little bit -- they have been a little bit flat, followed by action. convincing,e very and given it in a very eloquent manner. what he did not say was whether united states would follow-up on this to end the occupation we talked about. the feeling in washington is the u.s. administration has no-fault be it -- no intention of doing that, and unless the two parties move on the rhone, the u.s. will not be in position to be proactive on this issue. my view it is if that is indeed the case, and i think it is, the chances of peace will be very slim. >> one palestinian said yesterday, the old days it was simple, they used to be the palestinian-is really problem. now america has to deal with the
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problem of syria and iran as well. on the other issues, notably iran, the president has made progress? >> it looks like president has put forward a strong argument to the israelis to tell them, one, they should talk to him, that he understand it's their problem and intends to prevent iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, but that the time is still not right for a strike and the need to talk to them on the course that the united states is following. i think he did a good job at that. >> he goes now to jordan, your home country. i imagine that syria will come out. any clarity on the u.s. position on syria? situation iss deteriorating very rapidly. for a country like jordan, the refugee problem is becoming potentially very destabilizing,
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400,000 refugees in jordan, close to that number in lebanon. that will be on the agenda of the talks. i think the united states is faced with two options that are bad. ander to arm the opposition risk those arms falling into the wrong hands, or risk destabilization and radicalization not just of syria but the whole region. many in washington think that with time, the that states must feel the second options, which is intervening in may be in and direct way to stop be radicalization, may prompt the first, but there are no easy options and no indication yet this will take place. >> thank you very much for joining us. more news from syria, the most prominent sunni cleric has been killed by a bomb blast at a
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mosque in central damascus. he died along with more than 40 other people in what syrian state television says was a terrorist suicide attacked at the mosque. he was an outspoken critic of the syrian opposition. iran's supreme leader has acknowledged the west's economic sanctions against iran have been effective. he said this was due to the iranian economy is over dependence on oil. he said he was not opposed to direct talks to america about iran's nuclear program. the european union has given cyprus until monday to raise 6 billion euros or risk losing a bailout fund. after public outrage on the island, the government backed away from the planned, asking all bank depositors to pay a one-off tax. now have to come up with the money some other way. gavin hewitt has the latest. >> there is anger and anxiety in cyprus.
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this was a crowd of bank workers blocking access, and arriving mps had to be lifted over police barricades. protesters fear their bank will collapse. were shaken. why did they shout at you? >> because they're losing money. linesing the day, long had formed at the cash machines as the government's scramble to raise billions of euros to avoid bankruptcy. the lines mainly focused on one bank, rumored to be in difficulty. >> there is a rumor that if somebody does not buy it, it will close. >> at 1 cash machine, they posted the time when there would be funds. people phone friends to tell the one security bands were making cash deliveries -- when the security fans were making cash deliveries. with the bank still closed, some of the petrol stations were insisting on cash payments only.
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>> i am taking cash only because my company, have to pay them cash. suppliers later, a called. insisting on 40,000 euros, in cash, to make the next delivery. the earliest to the banks will reopen is tuesday. meanwhile, the government has been holding emergency talks, trying to raise 6 billion euros that would allow it to access 10 billion euros and rescue loans from the e.u., the time is running out. one development really focused minds at the presidential palace today, the european central bank turned the screw on cyprus. it gave the government until monday to reach a bailout deal with eurozone or risk having key funding withdrawn, which could lead to a collapse of the bank's. tonight, the bank of cyprus has issued an appeal to the politicians. the cyprus economy, they said, is on the brink.
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the next move may prove its salvation or destruction. >> very nervous days. today, the jets' leader of the kurdish rebels has called a cease-fire following three decades of fighting that has left 40,000 people dead. many are waiting until it is implemented before they celebrate. we have this report from istanbul from james reynolds. >> and promised an historic announcement. more than 100,000 kurds gathered to hear the message. he may have spent the last 14 years behind bars, but the size of this crowd shows that he remains the undisputed leader of the kurdish people in turkey. during the new year's celebrations, his declaration was read aloud. >> with millions witnessing, i am announcing the beginning of a new era.
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a state has been reached where our armed forces can withdraw beyond the borders. >> these pictures show the old era that he has promised to give up. before his capture in 1999, he led pkk fighters in the field. now he has ordered them to give up their positions and turkey and withdraw to the main banks across the border, the mountains of northern iraq. but it is not yet clear when the withdrawal may begin. invitation as a positive development. what really matters is implementing the call. what happens in the implementation is very important. beendullah ocalan has now imprisoned almost half the land of the entire kurdish conflict. his supporters will hold the announcement becomes his defining move, that three
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decades of unrest did not end with a simple declaration. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, a new map is making scientists rethink just how old the universe really is. left nine people dead, almost 300 injured in south china. it was the strongest tornado to hit the area since records have been held. we have the details. 100inds of more than m.p.h., lashing down on the city. largeones the size of eggs battered the area, damaging or destroying buildings and cars. the students were in lessons when the definite thumbs of pack
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ice came flying through the windows. >> a student was scratched across his belly by falling glass. all my books were blown away. i was pressed against the door. >> others describe having to hold onto trees so they would not be blown away. it is believed many of the dead were trapped in collapsed buildings. about 270 people were injured. officials are still counting the amount of property and homes that were destroyed. this is the latest in a series of deadly storms to hit southern china. state television is also reporting a tornado in the country's problem is that killed three people. last year, the united nations said more extreme weather and rising sea levels meant that countries like china needed to get much better at planning for these kinds of natural disasters. not aloneis
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experiencing wild weather. in japan, yellow haze has engulfed parts of the country, severely reducing visibility and air quality. it is the second to hit japan in recent weeks. visibility in many cities has been reduced to 5-10 kilometers. now, to the age-old question of how the universe began. tonight, we're closer to having an answer. new data collected by a space probe shows the universe is actually 50 million years older than scientists first thought. gaze up at the sky and is littered with stars. nearly 14 billion years ago, the skies looked like this. this is a brand picture of what the universe was like in its
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infancy. >> it is as far back as it possibly look. we're seeing lots of bombs. these are the very earliest seeds of cosmic structure. we're looking back to a time when the universe was very simple, almost featureless, and all i had were these taino ripples and space -- and all they had were these tiny ripples in space. >> because it takes light a fixed time to travel across the cosmos, the objects we see in space are from the distant past. the further back we look, the further back in time we see. the spacecraft has scanned the skies for four years, about as far back as it is possible to see, to the beginnings of the universe. what has it discovered? 17.82 billion years ago, the universe began with a big bang, much earlier than previously thought. some time later, this is what the universe looked like. this is a real picture, 380,000
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years after the big bang, when the first elements formed. by studying this, scientists hope to learn more about what happened next, the formation of the first hours, galaxies, and planets. but the results are not quite with the cosmologists had expected. this might mean that there is of how the universe began and evolved may need to be reconsidered and the map may even reveal what happened before the big bang. >> it is perfectly feasible that signatures, find information that tells us about tellsre-big bang place or us the structure of what was there at the time. >> these results are preliminary. but already the are challenging the foundations of our current understanding of how the universe works ou. certainly challenging the
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understanding of my brain about it. for more on what this picture reveals, i am joined by a professor of physics at the university of maryland. jim, thank you for coming in. you do a lot of work on the origins of the universe. what more do you know it today? >> it is mostly filled with puzzles. >> i thought we were looking for answers. a ballot yes, but every time we find the answer in science, it leads to more questions. that is part of the fun. there are two aspects that are extremely strange, one is the power specter. it is as if you were listening to music and there was and i don't and the song. that is something that we see in the distribution of the spots on the cosmic mac background. and there is an even more i the thing, which is it seems to be tilted sort of in the plane, as if you were on a large ship and decided to leave your head. it is very odd. >> what does all of that mean?
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does it mean that the findings you are disputing ord is reorganizing how we think about the universe? >> it is probably reorganizing the thinking. this is a big discovery and science because we scientists like to put out theories. dairies are the best explanations of the data we have. -- theories are the best explanations of the data we have, but when we get new data, it means new theories. >> does it matter, we are talking 14 billion years, 15 billion, does it matter that it happened before we thought it happened, the big bang? >> let me make an analogy. suppose you went to hollywood and spoke to a star is she told you not quite the right age. you might say, gee, what is she hiding? something like that is going on with this mystery. >> what is your supposition of what it is hiding? >> we wish that we knew. the equations may have to change, we may have to think of
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new ideas. nature turns out to have such a more powerful imagination than we do, and it is part of the game of being a scientist. discovery thethe universe is expanding more slowly than we thought? what is the significance? >> a few years ago we thought the universe was expanding at a constant rate. then we said it was speeding up, which is an enormous shock to the system. now we find is speeding up, but not quite as fast as we thought. there is obviously some kind of structure going on we don't understand. we scientists take that kind of mystery. >> it is amazing how much we know, and it is amazing how it reveals how much we don't know as well. absolutely. >> thank you very much. my head is still spending. find out much more about that story and the rest of the news on the website, and watchednbbc bbc news.
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think so much for watching. tune in tomorrow. -- thank you so much for watching. tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and fidelity investments. >> your personal economy is made up of things that matter most, including your career. as those things change, fidelity can help you readjust your retirement plan, rethink how you are invested, and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a wide range of investment choices that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments. turn here. >> "bbc world news" was
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presented by kcet, los angeles.
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- hi, neighbor! today at school, we're choosing something new for the playground! swings or slide! they're both fun to play on! and then, we get to choose a new class pet! be right back.
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is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you. hborhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? ♪ could you be mine? ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪
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♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ - hi, neighbor! i'm going to have breakfast. come on in! what do you usually have for breakfast? good morning, mom! - good morning, daniel. hi, neighbor. now, for breakfast, you can choose hot oatmeal like your dad and i are having, or cold cereal with berries. - hmm... i like hot oatmeal and cold cereal.
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which one would you choose? i'm not sure which one i want. - well, when you have to make a choice, you should... ♪ stop, think, and choose - ♪ stop, think, and choose i'm thinking... that i feel cold. brrr! so some hot oatmeal will warm me up. i choose... hot oatmeal, please! - ok, good idea! now go sit down at the table and i'll bring you some hot oatmeal. - thanks, mom! - now, here's some oatmeal for you. there you go. - me too. i love mom's famous oatmeal. (mom chuckles.) - mmm. deeelicious! so, what are we going to do today? - we're going to clock factory park today. king friday has something important to tell all the neighbors! - something important? wow! grr-ific!
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(trolley dings.) - trolley's here! let's go! - great! let's go see what king friday has to say. - here we go! hi, trolley! (trolley dings.) - up we go, daniel. now, buckle up! - ♪ we're off to the park today to see what king friday has to say ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - thanks, trolley! (trolley dings.) - hoo-hoo. hi, daniel. are you here for king friday's announcement? - yes, and my neighbor came too. - hoo-hoo, hi, neighbor. (fanfare) - king friday's here! king friday's here! - let's go see what he's going to say! - hoo-hoo. hoo-hoo. - ahem... royal greetings. i have asked you to come here today to make a very important choice. today you will choose to add a new swing set... or a slide to our playground.


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